Types and Varieties of Mental Disorders that Need to be Treated Immediately
Mental disorders are conditions that affect a person’s thinking, feeling, mood, or behavior. They can interfere with the person’s ability to function normally in daily life, and may cause distress and suffering.
Mental disorders can be caused by various factors, such as genetics, environment, trauma, stress, or biological imbalances.
Causes of Mental Disorders
People who have a family history of mental disorders may be more prone to developing one later in life. Chemical changes in the brain, hormonal fluctuations, infections, injuries, or substance abuse can also affect the mental health of a person.
Environmental factors, such as childhood abuse, trauma, neglect, social isolation, discrimination, poverty, or bereavement can also contribute to the development of mental disorders. Sometimes, the causes of mental disorders are not clear, and they may result from a combination of different factors.
Common Treatments of Mental Disorders
Mental disorders can be treated by mental health professionals, such as psychiatrists, psychologists, counselors, or therapists. The treatment depends on the type and severity of the disorder, and the needs and preferences of the person. Some of the common treatments of mental disorders are
Medication can help reduce the symptoms of mental disorders, such as mood swings, anxiety, hallucinations, or insomnia. Medication can also help stabilize the brain chemistry and correct the biological imbalances that may cause mental disorders.
Some of the common types of medication used for mental disorders are antidepressants, antipsychotics, mood stabilizers, and anti-anxiety drugs. Medication should be prescribed and monitored by a qualified doctor, and the person should follow the instructions and dosage carefully.
Medication may have side effects or interactions with other drugs, so the person should inform the doctor of any changes or problems.
Psychotherapy, also known as talk therapy, is a process of discussing and exploring the thoughts, feelings, and behaviors of a person with a mental health professional. Psychotherapy can help the person understand the causes and effects of their mental disorder, cope with the stress and challenges of daily life, develop coping skills and strategies, and improve their self-esteem and relationships.
Psychotherapy can also help the person change their negative or distorted thinking patterns and beliefs that may contribute to their mental disorder. Psychotherapy can be done individually, in groups, or with family members. Some of the common types of psychotherapy used for mental disorders are cognitive-behavioral therapy, interpersonal therapy, dialectical behavior therapy, and family therapy.
Other interventions can also help the person with a mental disorder, such as lifestyle changes, complementary therapies, or support groups. Lifestyle changes can include adopting a healthy diet, exercising regularly, getting enough sleep, avoiding alcohol and drugs, and managing stress.
Complementary therapies can include yoga, meditation, acupuncture, massage, or music therapy. Support groups can provide a safe and supportive environment for the person to share their experiences and feelings with others who have similar problems, and to receive emotional and practical support.
Mental disorders are treatable, and recovery is possible for everyone. The person with a mental disorder should seek help from a qualified professional as soon as possible, and follow the treatment plan accordingly.
The person should also have the support and understanding of their family and friends, and not feel ashamed or isolated because of their condition. Mental disorders are not a sign of weakness, fault, or failure. They are real and serious conditions that require attention and care.
Types and Varieties of Mental Disorders
There are many different types and varieties of mental disorders, and they can be classified into six major categories.
These are disorders that affect how a person feels emotionally, such as the level of sadness and happiness. Examples include bipolar disorder, depression, and seasonal affective disorder.
These are disorders that involve excessive fear, nervousness, or worry about future events or situations. Examples include generalized anxiety disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorder, panic disorder, and phobias.
These are disorders that involve persistent and maladaptive patterns of thinking, feeling, and behaving that differ from the norms of the person’s culture. Examples include borderline personality disorder, narcissistic personality disorder, and antisocial personality disorder.
These are disorders that cause detachment from reality, such as delusions, hallucinations, and disorganized thinking and speech. The most notable example is schizophrenia, although other disorders can also have psychotic features at times.
These are disorders that involve abnormal or unhealthy eating behaviors, such as restricting, bingeing, purging, or overeating. Examples include anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa, and binge eating disorder.
These are disorders that are triggered by exposure to a traumatic or stressful event, such as violence, abuse, war, or natural disasters. Examples include post-traumatic stress disorder, acute stress disorder, and adjustment disorder.
Mental disorders can vary in severity, frequency, and duration, and some may be more common or prevalent than others. Some mental disorders may also co-occur or overlap with other conditions, such as substance abuse, physical illnesses, or developmental disorders.
Mental disorders can be diagnosed and treated by mental health professionals, such as psychiatrists, psychologists, counselors, or therapists.
The diagnosis is based on the symptoms, history, and evaluation of the person, and may follow the criteria of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5), published by the American Psychiatric Association.
The treatment may include medication, psychotherapy, counseling, or other interventions, depending on the type and severity of the disorder, and the needs and preferences of the person.
Mental disorders are not a sign of weakness, fault, or failure. They are real and serious conditions that require attention and care. If you or someone you know is suffering from a mental disorder, do not hesitate to seek help from a qualified professional. There is hope and recovery for everyone.